Represents isoparametric four-node quadrilateral plane-strain finite element. Each node has 2 degrees of freedom. Structure should be defined in x,y plane. The nodes should be numbered anti-clockwise (positive rotation around z-axis). The element features are summarized in Table 16.

Keyword | quad1planestrain |

Description | 2D linear quadrilateral plane-strain element |

Specific parameters | [NIP #(in)] |

Parameters | NIP: allows to set the number of integration points for integration of membrane terms. |

Unknowns | Two dofs (u-displacement, v-displacement) are required in each node. |

Approximation | Linear approximation of displacements and geometry. |

Integration | Integration of membrane strain terms using gauss integration formula in 4 (the default), 9 or 16 integration points. The default number of integration points used can be overloaded using NIP parameter. Reduced integration for shear terms is employed. Shear terms are always integrated using 1 point integration rule. |

Features | Nonlocal constitutive support, Adaptivity support. |

CS properties | Cross section thickness is required. |

Loads | Body loads are supported. Boundary loads are supported and computed using numerical integration. The side numbering is following. Each i-th element side begins in i-th element node and ends on next element node (i+1-th node or 1-st node, in the case of side number 4). The local positive edge x-axis coincides with side direction, the positive local edge y-axis is rotated 90 degrees anti-clockwise (see fig. (9)). |

Nlgeo | 0. |

Status | Reliable |

Implements an triangular three-node constant strain plane-strain finite element. Each node has 2 degrees of freedom. The node numbering is anti-clockwise. The element features are summarized in Table 17.

Keyword | trplanestrain |

Description | 2D linear triangular plane-strain element |

Specific parameters | - |

Unknowns | Two dofs (u-displacement, v-displacement) are required in each node. |

Approximation | Linear approximation of displacements and geometry. |

Integration | Integration of membrane strain terms using one point gauss integration formula. |

Features | Nonlocal constitutive support. Edge load support, Adaptivity support. |

CS properties | Cross section thickness is required. |

Loads | Body loads are supported. Boundary loads are supported and are computed using numerical integration. The side numbering is following. Each i-th element side begins in i-th element node and ends on next element node (i+1-th node or 1-st node, in the case of side number 3). The local positive edge x-axis coincides with side direction, the positive local edge y-axis is rotated 90 degrees anti-clockwise (see fig. (10)). |

Nlgeo | 0. |

Status | Reliable |